ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT Twelfth Regiment W.Va. Infantry.
Twelfth Regiment W.Va. Infantry.
MEMORANDA: - The 12th Regiment West Va. Infantry, Vols., was organized at Camp Willey, Wheeling, W. Va., on the 30th day of August, 1862, by F. P. Peirpoint, then Adjutant of the Regiment, having been recruited during the month in the counties of Hancock, Brooke, Ohio, Marshall, Marion, Taylor and Harrison; on the day following its organization, it was ordered to Clarksburg, Va., which place was then threatened by a force under the rebel General Jenkins, who was then on a raid into Western Virginia. September 2d a detachment of four companies was ordered to Beverly under command of Lt. Col. Northcott, and on the 4th of September the remaining six companies, under command of Col. Klunk, were ordered to Buckhannon, Va. The detachment under command of Lt. Col. Northcott, marched from Beverly to Webster, thence to Clarksburg, and on the 1st day of October, rejoined the Regiment at Buckhannon, and from thence a detachment of six companies, under command of the Colonel, marched to Beverly, on the 19th of October, 1862, and was joined by the remaining four companies on the 1st of November; on the 6th of November seven companies of the regiment, under command of Col. Klunk, accompanied an expedition under command of General Milroy into Pocahontas, Pendleton and Highland counties, arriving at Monterey, Va., on the 9th. Here they were joined by the other three companies under command of Major Peirpoint, who left Beverly on the morning of the 5th of November, on an expedition by way of Elk Water and Huntersville; from Monterey, Va., the Regiment returned to Beverly, and from thence to New Creek, arriving there on the 19th of November, 1862; from New Creek it marched to Moorefield via Petersburg, W. Va., where it was assigned to Gen. Cluseret's Brigade of Milroy's Division. On the 17th of December Gen. Cluseret began an expedition to Strasburg, Va., (the 12th forming a part of his command,) at which place a rebel force under Gen. Jones was stationed, but retired upon the advance of Gen. Cluseret's command, leaving only his rear guard, with which there was a slight skirmish; from Strasburg the command proceeded to Winchester, Va., arriving on the 23d of December, where the Regiment remained until the 26th day of March, 1863, when it was ordered to Berryville, Va., and from thence on the 10th of May to Clarksburg, W. Va., here the Regiment remained until the 2d of June, when it was again ordered to Winchester, Va. It participated in the engagement at that place on the 13th, 14th and 15th of June, when the command of Gen. Milroy was attacked by the army of Gen. Lee, then on his raid into Maryland and Pennsylvania. In this engagement the Regiment lost heavily in killed, wounded and prisoners. Among the killed were Lieutenants T. W. Bradley and John T. Ben Gough, and captured Lieut. Col. Northcott, Ass't Surgeon F. H. Patton and Lt. Henry T. Anshutz, the latter of whom yet remains a prisoner in the hands of the rebels. After the defeat at Winchester the Regiment made its way to Hancock, Md., thence to Bloody Run, Pa., where Gen. Milroy's command had been concentrated.
During the months of August, September and October the Regiment was at Martinsburg, Va., moving to Maryland Heights in November. On the 10th of December, 1863, this Regiment formed a part of a Brigade commanded by Col. Wells, (34th Mass.,) which went on an expedition up the Shenandoah Valley as far as Harrisonburg, Va., returning to Maryland Heights on the 24th Dec. 1863.
During the months of January, February and March, 1864, the Regiment was stationed at Cumberland, Md.; in April it was ordered to Beverly where it remained a few days, thence it was ordered again to Martinsburg, arriving there on the 22d of April; on the 29th proceeded up the Shenandoah Valley in the army commanded by Gen. Sigel, and participated in the battle of New Market on the 15th of May. On the 26th of May the Regiment formed a pttft of the army in the Shenandoah Valley, under command of Gen. Hunter and was in the Lynchburg campaign. On the 5th of June occurred the battle of Piedmont, Va., in which this Regiment, commanded by Col. Wm. B. Curtis, behaved with great gallantry, being the first to enter the rebel works, and capturing a large number of prisoners; on the 17th the army arrived before Lynchburg, Va., and on the day following participated in the engagement at that place. The enemy being in superior force and strongly fortified, the army began its retreat, via Salem, New Castle, Sweet Springs, Meadow Bluffs, Gauley Bridge and Charleston, arriving at Parkersburg on the 5th of July; from thence the Regiment was again ordered to Martinsburg.
During the months of July and August it participated in the campaign of Gen. Crook against Early, in the Shenandoah Valley, and was engaged in the battle of Snicker's Ferry, July 18th said at Winchester on the 24th, and at Cedar Creek August 12th. In September, October and November it formed a part of the array of West Virginia, in General Sheridon'm army and was in the engagement at Berryville, Va., September 3d. The Regiment participated in none of the subsequent battles in the Valley, but accompanied the army in all its campaigns. In December the 1st Infantry Division of the army of West Virginia, of which the 12th was a part, commanded by Bv't Brig. Gen. T. M. Harris, was ordered to the army of the Potomac, where it now is. The Colonel, William B. Curtis, commanding Brigade.