12th LOGO

JOHN S. REDD, Companies "C" & "F"

Submitted by Shirley Fox Allen.

     A son of Solomon and Mary (Scott) Redd, both deceased, was born in Washington county, Pa., Oct 13, 1836, and settled in Marshall county, in the spring of 1852. Nov. 16, 1858 he was married in this county, to Elizabeth Wellman, born in the above county, Nov 27, 1838. Her parents were James and Sarah (Palmer) Wellman, and are both deceased. Their children are Mary A., Ionia, Leona, Zanna B., Sarah M., dec., and William B., dec. Comrade Redd was by occupation a farmer at the time of his enlistment at Wheeling Aug 16, 1862 as a private in Co C, 12th W.Va. V. I. 24th A.C. He was wounded at the battle of New Market in right limb by gunshot and was in hospital but never rejoined his Regt., receiving an honorable discharge at Wheeling, in the summer of 1865, having taken part in the battles of New Market and Winchester; he was also detailed as ambulance driver and as guard several times during his term of enlistment. A brother, Parker, served in Co. C., 12th W.Va., and was killed at Hatcher's Run. Comrade Redd belongs to S. B. Stidger Post, is by occupation a farmer, and his address is Beeler Station, W.Va.

From Presidents, Soldiers, Statesmen, H. H. Hardesty, page 582.

Submitted by Linda Fluharty.

     John S. Redd is a son of Solomon and Mary (Scott) Redd. He was born in Washington county, Penn., October 13, 1836, and moved with his parents to his present home at Beeler Station, in 1852. He was married to Elizabeth, daughter of James and Sarah Wellman, some time after. Mrs. Redd's grandfather was a valliant soldier in the Revolutionary war. The home of Mr. and Mrs. Redd has been made happy by the presence of six children: Melissa, died at the age of sixteen, leaving a large circle of friends to mourn the loss of one so much beloved; Mary, the wife of Elex Cox; Iona and Leona, twins, now very interesting young ladies; Susannah and William B., both dying in childhood. Mr. Redd enlisted in Company C, Twelfth West Virginia infantry and served until his regiment was discharged in July, 1865. He bravely bore his part in the tedious battle of Lynchburg, also the battle of New Market and many other minor engagements. He was severely wounded May 15, 1864, and is still carrying the ball in his leg. It can be truly said of him that, "A soldier's wounds are the proof of his valor." At Winchester he was taken prisoner and transported to that "den of horrors," Libby prison, from there he was removed to Belle Isle, where he remained for thirty days, five of which he spent without a morsel of food. Receiving his honorable discharge, he turned his sword into a ploughshare, and has since made as successful a farmer as he did a soldier. Mr. Redd is a loyal republican. The entire family are greatly esteemed by a large circle of acquaintainces. They are all members of the Christian church.

From History of the Upper Ohio Valley, Vol. I, pages 727-728. Brant & Fuller, 1890.

National Archives Pension File
Transcribed by Linda Fluharty.

Claim for Invalid Pension
State of West Virginia
County of Marshall

     On this 29th day of December 1865, personally appeared before me Housan Riggs Clerk of Circuit Court in and for the County and State aforesaid, JOHN S. REDD of CAMERON, in the County of MARSHALL, and State of WEST VIRGINIA who, being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefits of the provisions of the Act of Congress, approved July 14th, 1862; that his age is 29 years; that he is the identical JOHN S. REDD, who enlisted in the service of the United States at GLEN EASTON, W.Va., on or about the 14th day of AUGUST 1862 as a Private in Company "C" commanded by Captain E. G. BARTLETT in the 12th Regiment of WEST VA Volunteers, (INFTY) in the war of 1861; and was honorably discharged following disability at New Market Va while in battle of May 15, 1864 he was struck by a musket ball in the right ankle which ball still remains in the limb. He is greatly weakened by it and hindered in his occupation as a farmer. He was sent from New Market battle field to Clareysville hospital near Cumberland Md. arriving then about May 18, 1864 and he remained then under treatment for said wound until discharged.
Since leaving the service he ahs resided as aforesaid, and has been engaged in occupation of farmer.
His Post Office address is CAMERON, MARSHALL CO WEST VA.
     This declaration is made to recover the Invalid Pension provided by the aforesaid Act of Congress, approved July 14th, 1862; and the applicant hereby appoints and acknowledges George B. Caldwell, of Wheeling, Ohio County, West Va., as his true and lawful attorney to present and prosecute this claim, and to receive whatever may be issued in satisfaction thereof.
JOHN S. REDD, Claimant
WM H. RULONG, Witness

Affidavit of W. L. Roberts

State of West Va County of Marshall, ss.
     I, W. L. ROBERTS hereby depose I am the identical person who was a 1st Lieutenant in Co. C., 12th Regt. West Va Inftry.; that I have no interest in the claim of John S. Redd for an Invalid Pension; that I have personal knowledge that the said John S. Redd was a Private in Co. C, 12th Reg. West Va. Inftry. and that while in the line of his duty he received in battle of New Market, Va. May 15 1864 a musket ball in his right ankle; which I believe still disabled and troubles him much; that said wound inflicted by said musket ball disabled said soldier so that he was not afterwards returned to duty with said regiment.

(Late) 1st Lieut Co "C" 12th Regt W.Va Infty

Sworn & subscribed before me this 29th day of December 1865, and I certify that Wm L. Roberts the affiant is a credible & respectable person and that I have no interest in aforesaid Pension Claim.
Given under my hand and official seal the day and year aforesaid.
HOUSAN RIGGS, Clerk Court for Marshall County WVa.

Adjutant General's Office
Washington, D.C.,
August 25, 1866

     I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt from your Office of application for Pension No. 99482, and to return it herewith, with such information as is furnished by the files of this Office.      It appears from the Rolls of this Office, that JOHN S. REDD was enrolled on the 14" day of August, 1862, at Marshall Co in Co "C" 12" Regiment of West Va. Volunteers, to serve 3 years, or during the war, and mustered into service as a Private on the 23" day of August 1862, at Wheeling, W.Va. in Co. "C" 12" Regiment of West Va Volunteers, to serve 3 years or during the war. On the Muster Roll of Co. "C" of that Regiment, for the months of May and June 1864, he is reported "Absent sick in Cumberland hosp. of wounds since May 15" 1864." On the muster Out Roll of Co dated June 16" 65 he is reported, "Wounded in action at Newmarket Va. May 15" 64. (Severely) In hosp. at Cumberland Md."

I am, Sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant
Sam. Breck(?)

Department of the Interior
Bureau of Pensions
Washington, D.C., January 15, 1898. Certificate No. 74036
Name, Jno. S. Redd

     In forwarding to the pension agent the executed voucher for your next quarterly payment please favor me by returning this circular to him with replies to the questions enumerated below.
Very respectfully,
H. Clay Evans, Commissioner.

First. Are you married? If so, please state your wife's full name and her maiden name.
Answer. I am. Elisabeth J. Redd. Maiden name, Elisabeth J. Wellman.

Second. When, where, and by whom were you married?
Answer. Was married Nov 16th 1858 at my wife's home in W.Va. Marshall Co. by Rev. E. Dowler.

Third. What record of marriage exists?
Answer. Recorded at Moundsville, W.Va. Marshall Co.

Fourth. Were you previously married? If so, please state the name of your former wife and the date and place of her death or divorce.
Answer. I was not.

Fifth. Have you any children living? If so, please state their names and the dates of their birth.
Answer. I have Mary A. Cox, Apr 29, 1865; Iona M. McCombs, May 5, 1868; Leona M. Redd, May 5, 1868; Zanna B. Redd, Jan 20, 1875.

Date of reply, June 4th, 1898

Department of the Interior
Bureau of Pensions
Washington, D.C., Oct 28, 1911

Respectfully returned to the Adjutant General War Dept with the request that he state whether this soldier was actually a member of Co "F" amd was so mustered out as indicated Dec 20, 1898.
Caatf. #74036.
John S. Redd.
Co "C" 12 WVa Inf.

War Department
The Adjutant General's Office
Washington. November 4, 1911

Respectfully returned to the
Commissioner of Pensions,

with the information that, as set forth in the inclosed statement of this Department dated Decemebr 20, 1898, John S. Redd, Company C, 12th West Virginia, was mustered out of service with a detachment as of Company F, of the regiment. Nothing has been found of record to show that he was ever transferred to Company F, however, nor to show that he actually served as a member of that company.

Signed by Adjutant General.

Declaration for Pension
Act of May 11, 1912

State of West Va, County of Marshall, ss:
     On this 20 May 1912 A.D. personally appeared before me, a Notary Public within and for the County and State aforesaid, JOHN S. REDD, who, being duly sowrn according to law, declares that he is 75 years of age, and a resident of Moundsville County of Marshall, State of West Virginia; and that he is the identical person who was enrolled at Wheeling, W.Va. under the name of JOHN S. REDD, on the 11 day of August, 1862 as a Private, in Co C, 12 Regt W.Va. Vol. Inft. in the service of the United States, in the Civil War, and was Honorably Discharged at Richmond, June 1865..........
That he was born October 13, 1836 at Washington, Pa.
That his several places of residence since leaving the service have been as follows: In Marshall County West Va.

That he is now a pensioner. Cert. No. 74,036.

That his Post Office address is Moundsville, County of Marshall, State of West Va.

Claimant, JOHN S. REDD

Also personally appeared JOHN W. CUNNINGHAM, residing in Moundsville, West Va. and T. J. McCLEARY, residing in Moundsville, West Va, persons whom I certify to be respectable and entitled to credit, and who, being by me duly sworn, say that they were present and saw JOHN S. REDD, the claimant, sign his name (or make mark) to the foregoing declaration; that they have every reason to believe, from the appearance of the claimant and their acquaintance with him of 10 years and 10 years respectively, that he is the identical person he represents himself to be; and that they have no interest, direct or indirect, in the prosecution if this claim.

John W. Cunningham
T. J. McCleary