Presidents, Soldiers, Statesmen
by H. H. Hardesty, 1894; Vol. II, pages 587-588.

Provided by Shirley Fox Allen

SERGT. DANIEL H. YOUNKEN - Son of Charles and Nancy (Henry) Younken, deceased, was born in Somerset county, Pa., May 16, 1840, and came to Marshall county, in 1880. He had previously married, in 1866, in Greene county, Pa., Margaret E. Braden, born in Greene county, Pa., of parents, Ezekiel and Eva (Moody) Braden, deceased. Comrade Younken enlisted Aug. 1861 from Greene County, Pa., at the age of twenty-one years, as a private in Co. B, 1st W. Va. V. C., and was promoted to Corp. and Sergt. of Co. E, 6th Cav. June 8, 1862 he received a shell wound in head; and again July 18, 1862, at the battle of Raccoon Ford he had his left leg broken by a horse falling on him; he was in hospital at Washington and Baltimore four months for wounds; in Jan. 1862 he was in hospital at Cumberland Md., with lung fever. He was furloughed for thirty days from Cumberland hospital and returned to Winchester, Va., at expiration of time. Dec. 26, 1862, he was honorably discharged at Baltimore, Md. hospital and re-enlisted Jan. 15, 1864 at Wheeling, in Co. E, 6th W. Va. Cav. He was captured near New Creek, Nov. 28, 1864 by Gen. Rosser and held at Libby and Pemberton four months, then paroled and exchanged. He was detailed as Ord. for Gen. Shields, for a short time; was again detailed as detective at Julesburg Col., one month. At the close of the war, his. Regt. was ordered west and while there he was in three pitched battles with the Indians. He acted as special scout a short time against the Indians in Colo. He fought at Blue Gap, Bloomery Gap, Romery (sic), Front Royal, Luray Valley, Flint Hill, Columbia Bridge, Port Republic, Gaines Cross Roads, Rocky Gap Bridge, Pt. Republic, Culpeper, Aldie C. H., Madison, Rappahannock River, Cedar Mountain, Bristoe Station, Raccoon Ford, Winchester, New Creek Morefield, Middletown, and in the Shenandoah Valley and was honorably discharged May 29, 1866, at Wheeling. A brother, Jefferson served in Co. C, 140th Pa. V. I.; he was wounded at Gettysburg in the thigh, where the ball is still lodged; he was taken prisoner, but immediately released supposing he would die. One uncle served in the Revolutionary war. Comrade Younken has been road commissioner three years in Pa.; road surveyor in W.Va., he belongs to Stidger Post, 35, in which he is P. P. C., present O. D., and Chairman of Memorial Com.; he also belongs to I. O. O. F., and is a member of the M. E. Church, he receives a pension, is a contractor, and superintendent of Moundsville Mining and Manufacturing Co., with P. O. address at Moundsville, W.Va.

Submitted by Charles E. Funk II.

Democrat Messenger newspaper, dated 28 November 1866.

     Married -- On Thursday, the 15th inst., at the residence of the bride's father, in Richhill tp., by Francis Drake, Esq. Mr. Daniel H. Younkin, and Miss Margaret Eve Braden, both of Richhill tp.
     Daniel was a soldier of the Union, and as we see still maintains his principles - by practice - he was a member of Co. B, 1st, Va. Cavalry, until discharged for wounds received from the fall of his horse; after his recovery, he enlisted in a Va. Regt., where he served until the close of the war, or even longer, for he was sent to the North-West, to fight "Red Skins" - and after being in eighteen States, and several Territories, came to the conclusion the the 'State of Matrimony' was the only true State of the Union, and so plighted his vows and took the Oath.

Moundsville Echo 19 Feb 1910.


Moundsville, Marshall Co., W.Va. Feb 9.

Submitted by Joseph D. Parriott.

Moundsville Echo, Dear Sir:
     We hear the veterans of the late war of 61 and 65 telling their war stories until they are almost worn thread bare.
     With your permission I will give you readers of the Echo my experience as a soldier on the fontiers fighting the Indians in the fall and winter of 1865 and spring of 1866. I belonged to Co. E. 6th West Va. Cavalry in my last enlistment.
     My regiment was up in the valley when Lincoln was assassinated and was ordered to Washington, D. C. on a forced march. We was sent out to capture Booth but failed to find him but after his capture we returned to the city, was at the grand review of the national army on 23rd and 24th of May 1865. On the 12th of June following, my regiment was ordered to the frontier. On our way on the morning of the 16th we had a collision at a town called Carlile, Ill., that killed eight of our men and wounded 16 and killed two railroad men and killed and wounded one hundred and five head of our horses. We went to St. Louis, Mo. and took steam boats to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. We drew more horses and started west on what was then called the upper old California. Next we went straight on to Julesburgh but had a fight as we went up, with the Indians, near a place called Alkall, near Nebraska territory.
     Now at this time our regiment consisted of the battalions, the first battalion went on to Fort Laramie and to Fort Casper, the north pass of the Rockey mountains.
     The Indians became very troublesome the hostile. They consisted of Sioux, Cheyenne and Camonchee and a part of the Snake tribe and a part of the Arapahoe tribe and a lot of Nenezade (Renegade?) Indians from other different tribes. There was the overland stage line and many trains crossing and the Indians were every few days attacking the trains and the freighters would carroll their train and fight them from behind their wagons.
     My diary says that we landed at Julesburge on the 36th (26th?) of Dec., 1865. On the morning of the 29th we were ordered back to Alkall. It was one hundred and ten miles to Alkall and it was away below zero and in two days and part of one night we landed at Alkall. Many of the men had frosted their feet and hands.
     Three miles above Alkall the Indians had captured a train and murdered nine men and a boy twelve years old. They had run the wagons together and after taking all they could carry away threw the boy on the wagons and burnt him up. They had scalped the men and cut their entrails out. Part of the train consisted of oxen and part mules. They took the mules with them to carry their plunder but the oxen they had hamstringed in and shot them full of arrows and several of them you could see the wood of the arrows sticking out of the poor dumb brutes. They all had their yokes on yet they would get up on their fore feet but their hind legs were useless.
     On the morning of the 29th of December, one hundred of the seventh Iowa and 100 of the West Virginia, under General Fleming and General Heth, started with thirty pack mules to follow the Indians. Their trail led us southwest on the 30th. We overtook them; they had crossed the white man's fork of the Republican river. We opened the battle with them and they used the guns that they had captured from the train and wounded two of our men. The general ordered us to pick off the men that used the captured guns and we did so and after the Indians were shot down, the rest were not used on us again. It was then getting late and we camped for the night.
     Now in that country where it don't rain, the snow goes off by a south wind or sunshine, the next morning, the 30th, the snow was gone by a south wind and the Indians were gone. We took their trail and followed them by the balls of snow collected in the shoes of the mules. We finally lost their trail as a body as they seemed to have scattered out to throw us off their trail. We came to the dry bed of a river called Stinken river. It run in a south east direction. We followed down the dry bed for a number of miles and the water in places became so deep we took the right hand side of it.
     January 31st, we went into camp. The next morning we started down the river and came to where the Indians had burned a man at a stake. We picked up a bunch of red hair as he was red-headed. The ground showed that they had a big war dance there several days before. By this time it began to snow and later it got fearful cold, first the snow was very wet and we were as wet as water, had no gum blankets to protect us, several inches of snow had fallen.
     That night, February 1st, the boys camped in a short bend of the river in some timber. I was put on the vidette line in charge of 15 men. It got so cold and we were so wet that I had to make my men trot to keep them from freezing. At midnight I was relieved by other men but had orders for me and my men to lay down close to the vidette line. One of the corporals in the 7th Iowa, brushed snow away and lay down on the wet, cold ground and I believe it was the only time I ever thought I would freeze to death. We both got up and we all had to run along the line until daylight, to keep from freezing.
     February 2nd, we traveled in an eastern direction. The sun came out towards night, our clothes got dry, the snow disappeared, we had traveled down the Republican river all day.
     We went into camp in a depression in the ground or a small cavern. On the west side the break in the ground was perpendicular. About four feet on the other side the break was less.
     The orders were to picket our horses down very secure and in case of an attack by the Indians to run to the vidette line. We had gathered wood and built several fires and had laid down by a fire just back of the line. Lieutenant Michaels of my company was officer of the day. The guards were changed at midnight. The officer of the day and one of the guards came to my fire to warm. I was lying with my head close to the ground and imagined I heard a storm coming. I raised up, but saw no threatening cloud. Just then it seemed to me there was a thousand wolves set up a terrible howl, the Lieutenant said to the guard, "Jim, did you ever hear so many." In a minute the war hoop was gone and several hundred Indians charged our camp on the north side. Every man of us ran for the line and for a minute I thought they would ride over us but we drove them back. They went up the river and threw up a fire rocket.
     General Heath said to Billey Tundall, the Pawnee interpreter, "What does that mean." "That means to rally, if they throw up two more, that means to charge us in a minute or two. Up went two more, they charged the west side of our camp. We drove them back and held our camp.
     Now, when we went into this camp, February 2nd, I had two pieces of crackers about one inch square, each and most of the men had none for dinner and the pack train had neither grub for our horses nor for us. Old Bill Whiggins, our white man guide said to General Fleming, when he asked him how far we were from Alkall, "The place we started from, he said, air measures about 120 miles, but if we struck some canyons, it would be more."
     The next morning, February 3rd, 1866, when we broke camp we were told there was no water for man or beast, after we got away from the river. The whole plain was burnt off and the only green stuff I saw was the green cactus, and down in some of those canyons, 75 or 80 feet, was a little green grass, but when we marched out of camp, we could see on the highest hills eight or ten Indians at one place, others on the hills. I suppose there was more than fifty Indians saw us break camp.
     Where the Indians charged us, there considerable blood lost by the Indians or their ponies but there were dead ones. Indians seldom let their dead fall into the hands of white men. We traveled north all day and as fast as our horses could go. That night, we camped in a defensive position, for about four hours. The two generals came around at 2 p.m. and kindly woke us up and told us to mount and march our horses. We had had nothing to eat for two days and no water for twenty-four hours and still sixty or seventy miles from Alkall.
     We favored them all we could by walking or running to keep up, but they began to give out and could not keep up, no feed, no water, for man or beast and sure death to get behind the rear guard and every little while you could hear the crack of a revolver and some poor brute was killed and the longer the worse.
     About sundown, we struck the Plat river, six miles below Alkall. We hurried to the river. My tongue seemed to be parched and almost stiff. I got a drink and the others were in the same fix. We took our time from there on and as soon as we could get some water where the river bank was low, we gave our horses a partial drink.
     We got to camp at Alkall in the forepart of the night, in squads of eight or ten. We were all played out and so were our horses. We had shot 33 head of them and cut the saddles up to keep the Indians from getting and using them. The night after our arrival in camp the Indians came on the road and near where they had burnt the train, less than two weeks before and murdered the men. They stampeded and run off 160 head of mules and we were powerless to even make an effort to follow and punish the rascals.
     Now, Mr. Editor, that has been a long time since. I am the only man living here that took part in this raid. James H. Fountain and Louis Dietz, belonged to the other battalion that went further up. P. P. Stewart the father of our worthy assessor and Dave Arnet, both of Benwood, I think, was on this raid.
     I was in two other battles with the Indians and I might at some future time give you my experience in them, providing this meets the approbation of the readers of the Echo.
               DANIEL YOUNKEN,
               Company E, 6th Cavalry.

Moundsville Echo18 Apr 1908.


An Explanation of Why Soldiers Get the Costly Burial.

Submitted by Joseph D. Parriott.

          Moundsville, W. Va.
          Feb. 15, 1908.
Editor Echo,
Dear Sir:
     It appears that many of the people of Moundsville and Marshall County have a wrong impression in regard to the price paid for the burial of old soldiers and other people in the county.
     As I am a veteran of the Civil war, I am accused of being partial and paying thirty five dollars for the burial of old soldiers and from seventeen to eighteen for adults that were not soldiers in the late war. They are not aware that the Legislature of this state four or five years since, passed a state law that there should be $35.00 paid out of the county or state fuund for the burial of an old soldier where he or his family were not able to bear the expense of burial.
     Now, in regard to the burial of inmates at the infirmary and others in the county, the expense may vary as to distance from cemeteries.
     Twelve years since I was appointd as overseer of poor in Washington district and Superintendent of Marshall County Infirmary. At that time R. J. Zink was filling the unexpired term of the late William Koontz, deceased, of furnishing the pauper coffins for this county. He then got six dollars for full sized coffins, and three for smaller ones.
     Mr. Koontz did not lay out the dead bodies, did not have in his contract to take out the coffin nor haul the body to the cemetery.
     But Mr. Zink washed and prepared the body for burial, put crepe on the door, furnished gloves for the pallbearers, hauled the body to the grave, and took about the same trouble as he would in a fifty dollar job.
     Some two years after my appointment, Mr. Zink said he was losing money and he went with me before the County Court and we agreed to give him eight dollars for the same work as he had done in the past.
     Lumber and other supplies kept advancing, then some three or four years since he went with me again before the court and the price of the coffin with handles on and trimmed out with lining, the corpse washed and layed out and the body hauled to the grave was $10.00. The burial ground advanced from $1.00 to $3.00, digging of grave $3.00, $1.50 or $2.00 for robe, making a total of $17.50 or $18.00 which is the limit, unless the body is mangled by railroads or has to be hauled from some place in the country.
     Mr. Zink is the county undertaker and has been, and keeps a supply of caskets and robes on hand all the time. In county cases consult him or me.
     Now, in regard to the burial of veterans where the friends are unable to bury them, Joseph McCombs was appointed by the County Court as the commissioner to investigate all cases and countersign all bills.
     There is no salary connected with the office and his work is all done gratuitiously.
     Now, I have tried to explain to the taxpayers where the contrast is as to the different prices between the veterans and others.
     I hope before any kicking is made you will go further and ask for information.
          Daniel Younken, Supt.
          Overseer of Poorhouse.

Moundsville Weekly Echo - 21 Feb 1913



Submitted by Joseph D. Parriott.

Daniel Younken, a veteran of the Civil war, died at his home on Jefferson avenue this morning at 4:05 o'clock, from a complication from the effect of a severe attack of la grippe and pneumonia. - Mr. Younken was was one of the most highly respected citizens, not only of this city but of the county. - He was born in Sommersett county, Pennsylvania on May 16, 1840 and was at the time of his death in his seventy third year. - In 1865 he was united in marriage to Margaret E. Braden of Greene county, Pa., who survives him. He has also two brothers and one sister living, Jefferson Younken resides at Graysville, Pa., and Thaddeus Younken at Wichita, Kansas, and Mrs. Nancy Barnett residing near Cameron. - Mr. Younken was for many years a resident of Greene county, Pa., and from there he came to Marshall county in 1880, and after a residence of several years in Liberty district he came to Moundsville and since April 1, 1892, he has resided here. - He was identified in the work that caused the rapid growth of this city. He served the county court as superintendent of the Infirmary for many years and not till ill health compelled him to do so did he cease taking active part in all the many good works that have been taken up for the improvement of the county as well as that of this city. - The deceased served throughout the war and has since been identified in the work of the GAR and was for many years commander of J. C. Caldwell Post at this city and was well known by the members of the organization and highly respected by all who knew him. He was also a working member of the M. E. Church to which he was devoted. - His life was that of an exemplary citizen and he ahd the confidence of all who knew him. - Funeral services will be held at the residence at two o'clock in the afternoon of Thursday, conducted by Rev. B. F. Rhods and interment at Mount Rose cemetery, all of which will be under the directions and care of J. C. Caldwell Post No. 21 of the G. A. R. - Friends are kindly requested to omit flowers.


Transcribed by Laurie Birks Dean from pension file provided by Linda Fluharty.

Certificate of Disability for Discharge.

Private Dan'l. Younken of Captain Harvey Farabee Company, (B) of the First Regiment of Virginia Cavalry was enlisted by Capt. Farabee the 1st Regiment of Va. Cav. at Washington, Pa. on the Sixth day of August 1861, to serve three years; he was born in Greene Co., in the state of Pennsylvania is twenty two years of age, six feet high, dark complexion, blue eyes, black hair, and by occupation when enlisted a farmer. During the last two months said soldier has been unfit for duty.

Station: U. S. Army Genl Hospital
West Buildings Baltimore, Md.

Date: November 26, 1862

     I certify, that I have carefully examined the said Danl Younken of Captain Farabee Company, and find him incapable of performing the duties of a soldier becuase of injury of back and left leg, from, he says, crushing by fall of a horse, in the discharge of his duty.

Discharged this 24th day of December 1862, at Baltimore, Md.

Declaration For Invalid Pension

State of West Virginia, County of Marshall, ss:
     On this 19 day of July, one thousand eight hundred and ninety personally appeared before me, a notary public within and for the county and state aforesaid, Daniel Younken aged 50 years, a resident of the district of Liberty county of Marshall, state of W Va, who being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is the identical Daniel Younkers who was enrolled on the 6 day of August, 1861, in Private Company B 1st W Va Cavalry (was also Corporal Company E 6th W Va Cavalry in the war of the rebellion, and served at least ninety days, and was honorably discharged at Baltimore, Md. on the or about 28th day of December, 1862. That he is now unable to earn a support by reason of rheumatism, heart disease, piles, kidney disease, liver trouble, scratiea ? affection, left lung affected, spitting of blood, injury to left leg, general and nervous debility.
     That he is a pensioner under Certificate No 118187.
     That he makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the pension roll of the United States under this the provisions of the Act of June 27, 1890. He hereby appoints T. C Pipes of Cameron, WVa his true and lawful attorney to prosecute his claim, and he directs that the sum of ten dollars be paid him for his services.
     That his post office address is Cameron, County of Marshall, State of WVa.

Daniel Younken
(Signature of Claimant.)

J. W. A. Lilly
S. W. Wilson
(Two witnesses who can write, sign here.)

Declaration For Pension.

State of West Va.
County of Marshall
     On the 17 day of May, one thousand nine hundred and Twelve personally appeared before me, a notary public within and for the county and State aforesaid, Daniel H. Younken, who, being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is 72 years of age, and a resident of Moundsville, West Va. county of Marshall, State of West Va; and that he is the identical person who was enrolled at Wheeling, West Va. under the name of Daniel H. Younken, on the 6th day of August, 1861, as a Private, in Co B First West Va. Cav in the service of the United States, in the Civl war, had 2 honorable discharges were last in pension in W Va. Dept and was honorably discharged at Baltimore, Maryland, on the about 20 day of Dec, 1862. That he also served by reenlistment in later part of January 1865 in Comp. E 3rd West Va. Mounted Inft. this was consolidated with 2nd West Va. Inft. creating the 6th W Va. Calv. was discharged at Wheeling, the later part of May 1866.
     That his personal description at enlistment was as follows: Height: 6 feet; complexion, light; color of eyes, blue; color of hair, dark; that his occupation was farmer; that he was born in Somerset Co., Pa., May 16, 1840.
     That his several places of residences since leaving the service have been as follows: Pyerson Station, Green Co., Pa. thence to Cameron, Marshall Co., W Va. then late in 1891 to Moundsville, West Va., where he still resides.
     That he is a pensioner under certificate No. 118. 187.
     That his post office address is Moundsville, West Va., county of Marshall, Jefferson Avenue 119, State of West Va.

Daniel H. Younken
(Claimant's signature)

Attest: Jn Dinsmore
James Ryrtiman

Declaration For Widow's Pension

State of W. Va. County of Marshall, ss:
     On this 14 day of October, 1916, personally appeared before me, a Notary Public within and for the county and State aforesaid, came Margarett E. Younken, who, being duly sworn by me according to law, declares that she is 70 years of age and that she was born February 26, 1846, at Richhill Township, Green Co., Pennsylvania.
     That she is the widow of Daniel H. Younken, who enlised and erolled 26 of February 1864 at Corporal of Co E regiment, W Va. Cavalry, under the name of Daniel H. Younken as a Corporal of New Co. E in Sixth Regminet of West Va. Cavalry on the 26 day of February 1864 and was honorably discharged May 22, 1866 having served ninety days or more during the Civil War.
     That he also served no other according to his discharge.
     That otherwise than as herein stated said soldier was not employed in the United States service.
     That she was married to said soldier on the 15 day of November, 1866, under the name of Margaret E. Braden, at her father's home in Green Co., Pa. by Francis Drake a Justice of the Peace; that she had never been previously married; that he had not been previously married.......
     That said soldier died Feb 18, 1913, at his home in Moundsville, W Va. that she was never divorced from him; and that she has not remarried since his death.
     ....he left no children under 16
     That she has not hertofore applied for pension under this act the number of her former claim being 759.428; that said soldier was a pensioner, the number of his pension certificate being can't remember.

Margaret E. Younken
Moundsville, West Va.

William W. Hicks
Moundsville, W Va.

Daniel Clyde Hicks
Moundsville, W Va.
(Signatures of witnesses)

     Subscribed and sworn to before me this 14 day of October, 1916, and I hereby before swearing........
Thomas J. McCleary
Notary Public